sperm donation

Sperm donation is a method form of IVF for men whom for certain reasons cannot produce sperm; do not have sufficient sperm count or whose sperms are not healthy enough to produce a good quality embryo. The procedure involves producing an embryo, by using the sperm of a healthy donor and the future-mother’s eggs, and placing it inside the patient’s womb.

Sperm Donation and Transfering Process

Sperm used in sperm donation are from sperm banks of countries such as the USA, UK or Denmark received from healthy and fertile donor men who have undergone extensive medical tests and whose medical, ethnic and physical data are recorded.

We recommend sperm donation treatment to…

  • ” men who cannot produce sperm (azoospermia) by birth or due to a condition at later ages
  • ” men with contagious diseases like HIV
  • ” men with genetically hereditary diseases which have not been properly diagnosed
  • ” men from whom no sperm could be received even after Micro-Tese, Tese and Tesa methods
  • ” women who want to be single parents
  • ” in cases when sperm is present but with structural problems and that cannot fertilize the egg
  • ” when there is effective RH mismatch

*There is a process involved before sperm donation treatment, the female partner should first undergo examination, ultrasound examination and some hormone tests and if all is well and on track further tests should be carried out, thereafter, the couple can start the treatment. The female partner is monitored for her ultrasound, hormone and oocyte (egg) production scans.

Things to consider in this procedure:

In sperm donation treatment sperm is used from sperm donors and obtained from sperm banks received from fertile and healthy male donors and frozen under special circumstances.

Only sperm provided approved by the ministry of health which has been passed and certified of all compulsory tests may be used in this treatment. The certificate of approval from sperm banks also include data about the donor’s educational and ethnic background and physical attributes.

Sperm bank donors undergo the tests below;
  • ” HIV
  • ” Hepatitis B
  • ” Hepatitis C
  • ” Syphilis
  • ” Chlamydia
  • ” Gonorrhea
  • ” Karyotype 46 xy 
  • The donor is accepted to the program on the condition these results are clean. Additional tests [thalassemia, cystic fibrosis, sickle cell anemia etc.] may also be required depending on the country and state regulations of the bank.

Blood type and RH of donor should be known. Donor’s sperms should be frozen and kept for approximately 6 months until the second tests regarding infectious diseases are done. [It should be noted that none of those scans/tests are 100% guaranteed]. There is a small risk of an infection or genetic condition. If test results are clean, the donor is asked to provide 24 ejaculations in total once or twice a week whereby the semen is frozen after analysis.

Assessing the recipient

Following a detailed examination, the doctor will investigate the candidate mother’s medical and family background. Blood type and RH are determined. The uterus and the tubes should also be assessed via vaginal ultrasound and hysterosalpingography scan. Hysterosalpingography can be postponed to a later date for women who do not have any tubular condition history. Hormone tests regarding ovulation may be required. 

The two approaches to donor sperm treatment are; intrauterine insemination and IVF. *It is advisable both partners provide written consent.

Tests required from the recipient:

It is a requirement both partners go through sexually infectious diseases such as HIV, hepatitis B and C. The female partner’s immunization regarding rubella and cytomegalovirus should be determined. And furthermore, samples are collected from the cervix to investigate for chlamydia and gonorrhea.

Deciding on the sperm to be used:

The process for decision-making is made by matching sperm which is received from a healthy donor fully assessed with a matching RH factor and matching physical attributes to the mother and father.

Frozen sperm from the bank is thawed when it’s time to collect eggs from the woman. Microinjection and embryo transfers follow.

Success in sperm donation treatment

Success depends on the female partner’s age, oocyte reserve and her response to the treatment. As in other microinjection applications, usually, there is a chance of multiple pregnancies.

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